Best 9mm Ammo For Self Defense

With the Great Ammo Crunch of 2020-2022 ebbing in many places, 9mm ammunition is leading the way in returning to normal price and availability.

For many, this means we can stop grabbing the cheapest option in favor of buying the best option once again.

With a variety of products available, it’s time for us to cover the best 9mm ammo for self defense.

Our Top Picks For The Best 9mm Ammo

Remington Golden Saber124grBJHP$31.77 @ Kentucky Gun Co
Sig Sauer V-Crown147grJHP$19.40 @ Kentucky Gun Co
HOP Munitions147grJHP$16.99 @ HOP Munitions
Winchester SXT T-Series147grJHP$21.99 @ Target Sports USA
Speer Gold Dot G2147grJHP$31.53 @ Kentucky Gun Co
Barnes TAC-XPD115gr+P MHP$23.25 @ Kentucky Gun Co
Norma MHP108grMHP$25.99 @ Kentucky Gun Co


What Goes Into Selecting The Best 9mm Ammo

When we’re looking at self defense ammo, there are a few considerations that go into a final decision.

As always, reliability is first.  If the best ammo doesn’t feed and fire 100% in your gun, it isn’t the best ammo!

The same goes for accuracy.  Some rounds might be considered accurate through many guns, but if it doesn’t shoot acceptably through your gun, it isn’t the round for you.

Past reliability and accuracy we’re looking at bullet design, bullet weight, and penetration.

best 9mm ammo for self defense

Bullet Design

There’s a variety of different bullet shapes and construction methods out there, but for defensive ammunition, you’re really only looking at the different flavors of hollow point (HP) ammo.

These include Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP), Monolithic Hollow Point (MHP), and Bonded Jacketed Hollow Point (BHJP).

JHP means the soft lead core has a (usually) copper jacket on it.

BJHP means the jacket is molecularly or chemically bonded to the core, reducing the chance that the core loses its jacket inside the target.

MHP is when the bullet is a one-piece construction.  I’ve only seen these in copper, which means they tend to be lighter bullets with more velocity than a lead core round.

best 9mm round for self defense
This Federal 115gr Train and Protect round has a jacket that tends to separate easily.

Bullet Weight

All good defensive ammo is designed to expand inside the target.  Not every projectile is designed to expand to the same diameter, or at the same velocity.

Heavier 9mm bullets (say, 147 gr) tend to penetrate further and push through barriers (like heavy winter clothing) with more reliability.

Heavier rounds also tend to have a different recoil impulse, more of a push instead of a snap.

Lighter 9mm rounds (let’s go with 108-115 gr) use faster velocity for a more violent expansion of a hollow point, but can have a little more difficulty breaking through heavy clothing and still expanding properly.

The above descriptions are generalizations, and won’t apply to every single round.

best 9mm round for self defense
This picture reflects my experience buying good defensive ammo.


Reliable penetration is a must.  The FBI standard testing protocols look for 12"-18" penetration in 10% calibrated gelatin, including going through various barriers.

An average torso is about 10" thick, so those vital organs are only 5-6" deep.  That bullet will likely have to travel through clothing, ribs, and maybe even an arm before hitting vitals.

There’s even the likelihood that whoever has attacked you is now taking cover, possibly behind a couch or around the corner behind some drywall.

What about +P Rounds?

There’s a wildcard in all this, +P and +P+ rounds.

These rounds are loaded with more gunpowder, exceeding the SAAMI specifications.  The idea is to get more velocity and thus more lethality out of your rounds.

Here’s an excellent in-depth explanation on the subject.

If you aren’t sure +P rounds are for you, then it’s best to stay within the standard SAAMI spec loadings to avoid possible failure of your gun/ammo combo.

best 9mm round for self defense

The Best 9mm Ammo For Self Defense

There’s a lot of great 9mm ammo out there, but we’ve chosen 6 of the best-performing loads for when your life is on the line.

Remington Golden Saber

The Golden Saber was designed by the same engineer who created the famous (or infamous) Black Talon bullet, Dave Schluckebier.

A bonded 124gr bullet, the Golden Saber is a mid-weight round designed both for excellent expansion and penetration.

Remington Golden Saber

at Kentucky Gun Co
Prices accurate at time of writing

The bonded jacket is responsible for the Golden Saber’s reputation for excellent weight retention through the target, even keeping 97% of its original mass after going through a car window.

That’s performance you can count on.

Sig Sauer Elite V-Crown

Sig’s excellent 147gr JHP V-Crown bullet is one of my personal favorites as both a writer, and a shooter.

The V-Crown has incredibly consistent expansion, giving me a nice collection of identical bullet-flowers after a range day with the gelatin block.

Sig Sauer Elite V-Crown

at Kentucky Gun Co
Prices accurate at time of writing

This JHP has fed flawlessly through my Mp5, various Glocks, a Ruger PCC and a Ruger American pistol during my last couple years as a gun reviewer.

Those are two real-world data points I can rely on.

Furthermore, the Elite V-Crown is the only one on this list that costs less than $1/round.

The only thing I dislike about shooting Sig’s V-Crown?  Running out.

best 9mm round for self defense

HOP Munitions

If you are in the market for a 9mm self-defense round that is both effective and economical then HOP’s 147gr JHP is a cartridge you need to check out.

With a velocity of just over 900 FPS and an energy of 267 ft/lbs this round is capable of stopping most any threat to you or your home, yet at $16.99 a box of 20 it’s not a threat to your wallet.

9mm 147gr JHP

at HOP Munitions
Prices accurate at time of writing

Winchester Ranger SXT T-Series

The direct descendant of the Black Talon crown, the Ranger SXT is so similar that it’s been joked SXT stands for Same eXact Thing (it doesn’t).  The SXT was further improved in the T-Series, providing more consistent expansion.

Winchester Ranger SXT T-Series

at Target Sports USA
Prices accurate at time of writing

What this 147gr round brings to the table is deep penetration and consistent expansion.

The rounded nose of the Ranger SXT provides smooth feeding in a wide variety of guns.

The T-Series was further engineered to provide more consistent expansion after going through various barriers.

This is a round you can count on.

best 9mm round for self defense

Speer Gold Dot G2

While Speer may not have a link to a famous round of bygone days, those in the know hold the Gold Dot G2 147gr 9mm round on a high pedestal.

The original Gold Dot was designed specifically for the (then new) FBI Standardized Testing Protocol, and was one of the first to perform exceedingly well in those tests.

Speer Gold Dot G2

at Kentucky Gun Co
Prices accurate at time of writing

The Gold Dot G2 was adopted as a standard FBI 9mm round, was was further optimized for use with compact and sub-compact concealed carry guns.

With a reputation for accuracy, reliable expansion, and moderate recoil, the Speer Gold Dot remains highly competitive in the world of defensive handgun ammunition.

best 9mm round for self defense

Barnes TAC-XPD +P

So you wanna try a +P round eh?  Barnes has one of the best reputations of any bullet manufacturer over the last 10 years, leading to their products being consistently sold out despite adding additional shifts and machinery.

The TAC-XPD 115gr MHP design comes out at 1125fps, giving the all-copper constructed bullet plenty of velocity to work with.

Barnes TAC-XPD +P

at Kentucky Gun Co
Prices accurate at time of writing

Barnes has been one of the most consistent manufacturers I’ve tested with regard to Standard Deviation in the chronograph.  This means their powder charge is the closest it can be to exactly the same every time.  That speaks to high-quality control.

Despite being a +P loading, the TAC-XPD doesn’t have the sharp increase in recoil you might expect.  A quick search online reveals I’m not the only one who’s noticed this!

This is a soft-shooting round, even when compared to non +P rounds.  Wizardry!

Norma MHP

The lightest round on this list is also one of my all-time favorites.

The 108gr MHP round redefined what I expect out of a defensive round.

Screaming out at ~1300 fps, the Norma MHP round expands into 4 wide petals.  Wider in fact than any other 9mm bullet I’ve gelatin tested, often reaching ~.9" from petal tip to petal tip.

Norma MHP

at Kentucky Gun Co
Prices accurate at time of writing

Norma’s 108gr 9mm round has also shown class-leading accuracy out of my Glock 43x, outclassing every other competitor so far.

Also, some of the lightest recoil I’ve felt in a 9mm round.

The downside?  The round expands so violently, it often only penetrates 10-11" deep.  When confronted with heavy clothing the round will penetrate further, but expand less consistently.

Summer carry?  Definitely.  Winter carry?  I’ll swap it out with a heavier round.

best 9mm round for self defense

Having trouble finding rounds in stock?  Check out this blog detailing the best ammunition finding website we know of.

Frequently Asked Questions

What 9mm Does The FBI Use?

The Hornady 124gr FTX Critical Duty +P round was selected for the FBI’s full size handguns.

What 9mm Round Has The Most Stopping Power?

“Stopping power" is a poorly devised term that usually relies on anecdotal evidence.  We can measure kinetic energy (mass X Velocity²), but that doesn’t always tell us how effective a bullet will be at stopping an assailant.

The FBI Standardized Testing Protocol gives us a better look as we compare total kinetic energy, expansion, and penetration.  A quality round will penetrate between 12" and 18", even through plywood, drywall, or denim.

What Grain 9mm does the military use?

The primary 9mm round used by the US military is the 115gr M1152 ball round.  There is also the M1153 147gr JHP round used by select units.


Any of the six options listed here (7, if you include the Hornady round selected by the FBI) will serve you well.  If you can, buy a box of each and see which you and your gun like best.

It’s worth spending the few extra dollars to do it this way, your life is worth the investment to buy the best 9mm round for self defense.

Jens “Rex Nanorum" Hammer


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Table of Contents

  • Our Top Picks For The Best 9mm Ammo
  • What Goes Into Selecting The Best 9mm Ammo
  • Bullet Design
  • Bullet Weight
  • Penetration
  • What about +P Rounds?
  • The Best 9mm Ammo For Self Defense
  • Remington Golden Saber
  • Sig Sauer Elite V-Crown
  • HOP Munitions
  • Winchester Ranger SXT T-Series
  • Speer Gold Dot G2
  • Barnes TAC-XPD +P
  • Norma MHP
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • What 9mm Does The FBI Use?
  • What 9mm Round Has The Most Stopping Power?
  • What Grain 9mm does the military use?
  • Conclusion

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