All posts by refactor

Rifle Drill: The Benavidez

MSG Roy Benavidez was a member of Special Forces and MACVSOG during Vietnam.  He is a medal of honor recipient.  You can read more about his heroic actions below.

The Benavidez Drill tests your rifle marksmanship in a CQB setting.  This is a complex rifle drill that will force you to shoot accurately and quickly.   You will notice the drill varies between shooting accurately to shooting quickly to shooting accurately again.

This drill is best performed on the Essentials Target


The shooter starts facing UP-RANGE with a magazine inserted in the weapon.  The weapon should have one round chambered with five rounds in the magazine.  The shooter should then have a second full magazine on hand.  The recommended distance for this drill is 7 yards.   The shooter can start either at 10 gun or the low ready.


At the buzzer the shooter turns and fires 1 round to the #1 target, 2 rounds to the #7 target, 3 rounds to the #13 target, conducts a reload, 4 rounds to the #12 target.


Count each miss as 2 seconds.


MSG Roy Benavidez

Master Sergeant (then Staff Sergeant) Roy P. BENAVIDEZ United States Army, distinguished himself by a series of daring and extremely valorous actions on 2 May 1968 while assigned to Detachment B56, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, Republic of Vietnam.

On the morning of 2 May 1968, a 12-man Special Forces Reconnaissance Team was inserted by helicopters of the 240th Assault Helicopter Company in a dense jungle area west of Loc Ninh, Vietnam to gather intelligence information about confirmed large-scale enemy activity. This area was controlled and routinely patrolled by the North Vietnamese Army. After a short period of time on the ground, the team met heavy enemy resistance, and requested emergency extraction. Three helicopters attempted extraction, but were unable to land due to intense enemy small arms and anti-aircraft fire.

Sergeant BENAVIDEZ was at the Forward Operating Base in Loc Ninh monitoring the operation by radio when these helicopters, of the 240th Assault Helicopter Company, returned to off-load wounded crew members and to assess aircraft damage. Sergeant BENAVIDEZ voluntarily boarded a returning aircraft to assist in another extraction attempt. Realizing that all the team members were either dead or wounded and unable to move to the pickup zone, he directed the aircraft to a nearby clearing where he jumped from the hovering helicopter, and ran approximately 75 meters under withering small arms fire to the crippled team.

Prior to reaching the team’s position he was wounded in his right leg, face, and head. Despite these painful injuries, he took charge, repositioning the team members and directing their fire to facilitate the landing of an extraction aircraft, and the loading of wounded and dead team members. He then threw smoke canisters to direct the aircraft to the team’s position. Despite his severe wounds and under intense enemy fire, he carried and dragged half of the wounded team members to the awaiting aircraft. He then provided protective fire by running alongside the aircraft as it moved to pick up the remaining team members. As the enemy’s fire intensified, he hurried to recover the body and classified documents on the dead team leader.

When he reached the leader’s body, Sergeant BENAVIDEZ was severely wounded by small arms fire in the abdomen and grenade fragments in his back. At nearly the same moment, the aircraft pilot was mortally wounded, and his helicopter crashed. Although in extremely critical condition due to his multiple wounds, Sergeant BENAVIDEZ secured the classified documents and made his way back to the wreckage, where he aided the wounded out of the overturned aircraft, and gathered the stunned survivors into a defensive perimeter. Under increasing enemy automatic weapons and grenade fire, he moved around the perimeter distributing water and ammunition to his weary men, reinstilling in them a will to live and fight. Facing a buildup of enemy opposition with a beleaguered team, Sergeant BENAVIDEZ mustered his strength, began calling in tactical air strikes and directed the fire from supporting gunships to suppress the enemy’s fire and so permit another extraction attempt.

He was wounded again in his thigh by small arms fire while administering first aid to a wounded team member just before another extraction helicopter was able to land. His indomitable spirit kept him going as he began to ferry his comrades to the craft. On his second trip with the wounded, he was clubbed from behind by an enemy soldier. In the ensuing hand-to-hand combat, he sustained additional wounds to his head and arms before killing his adversary.[5][note 1] He then continued under devastating fire to carry the wounded to the helicopter. Upon reaching the aircraft, he spotted and killed two enemy soldiers who were rushing the craft from an angle that prevented the aircraft door gunner from firing upon them. With little strength remaining, he made one last trip to the perimeter to ensure that all classified material had been collected or destroyed, and to bring in the remaining wounded.

Only then, in extremely serious condition from numerous wounds and loss of blood, did he allow himself to be pulled into the extraction aircraft. Sergeant BENAVIDEZ’ gallant choice to join voluntarily his comrades who were in critical straits, to expose himself constantly to withering enemy fire, and his refusal to be stopped despite numerous severe wounds, saved the lives of at least eight men. His fearless personal leadership, tenacious devotion to duty, and extremely valorous actions in the face of overwhelming odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service, and reflect the utmost credit on him and the United States Army.[6]

Pistol Drill: The Beikirch

Sgt. Gary B. Beikirch of 1st Special Forces Group (A) is a Vietnam Medal of Honor Recipient.   You can read more about his heroic actions below.

The Beikirch is a difficult pistol drill that helps train your transition capabilities.  You can make this drill more difficult by adding reloads or distance.  This drill is best performed on the Essentials Target


The shooter starts at the 5 yard line, weapon holstered (or drawn if preferred)


At the buzzer the shooter draws and fires 1 round to the #13 target, 1 round to #8, 1 round to #13, 1 round to #9, 1 round to #13, 1 round to #11, 1 round to #13, 1 round to #10.  In short the shooter will shoot each of the circles in the corners.  The shooter will shoot one circle and return to the #13 to fire one round before moving to the next circle.


The best way to score this is to count any miss as 1 second.  If you mess up the order of shooting your score does not count.

To purchase the Essentials Target go to


Sgt. Gary B. Beikirch

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Beikirch, medical aidman, Detachment B-24, Company B, distinguished himself during the defense of Camp Dak Seang. The allied defenders suffered a number of casualties as a result of an intense, devastating attack launched by the enemy from well-concealed positions surrounding the camp. Sgt. Beikirch, with complete disregard for his personal safety, moved unhesitatingly through the withering enemy fire to his fallen comrades, applied first aid to their wounds and assisted them to the medical aid station. When informed that a seriously injured American officer was lying in an exposed position, Sgt. Beikirch ran immediately through the hail of fire. Although he was wounded seriously by fragments from an exploding enemy mortar shell, Sgt. Beikirch carried the officer to a medical aid station. Ignoring his own serious injuries, Sgt. Beikirch left the relative safety of the medical bunker to search for and evacuate other men who had been injured. He was again wounded as he dragged a critically injured Vietnamese soldier to the medical bunker while simultaneously applying mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to sustain his life. Sgt. Beikirch again refused treatment and continued his search for other casualties until he collapsed. Only then did he permit himself to be treated. Sgt. Beikirch’s complete devotion to the welfare of his comrades, at the risk of his life are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.[1]

What’s the Deal With the Combat Fitness Deck?

The Combat Fitness Deck™ was designed to give forward deployed military service members the ability to easily maintain their fitness levels regardless of location or gym availability.  The Combat Fitness Deck™ includes 52 different high intensity workouts that can be performed with minimal equipment. As you progress through the deck, the workouts become increasingly difficult as the value of the card increases. The idea to create this product developed after constantly being in locations with no gym equipment due to deployments or training ops. We wanted to create a product that is easy to use and transport, while still including a diverse array of workouts that can be used maintain an individuals fitness levels when no gym is present.  Draw randomly from the deck, run through the deck numerically, combine multiple cards, or any other method that the user desires.

The Combat Fitness Deck™ comes in a rugged and durable tin casing that provides substantial protection for the cards while still maintaining a low profile so that it doesn’t take up  needed space in your ruck. The deck also includes multiple team workouts that are designed for groups of 2-4. The reps can be increased for the team workouts if the group is larger than the recommended amount.

We recommend recording your times for each workout and striving to beat your original time on subsequent attempts. If you believe that you have an exceptional score or time, post it to the RE Factor Tactical Team Room and see how your score compares to others who have completed the same card. If you are not a member of the RE Factor Tactical Team Room on Facebook, please send us a request and we will add you so you can be connected to other Combat Fitness Deck ™ users!

Rifle Drill: The FML Run-Down

The FML Run-Down came from some of the guys constantly saying “f*&^ my life” after trying this rifle drill over and over.  The rifle drill is a great combination of precision, dynamic movement, reloads, fast target acquisition and rapid fire techniques.


Set up one of any of our Human Resources Target.  The shooter will begin at the 25 yard line, standing.  We recommend running this one in kit.


At the sound of the buzzer the shooter drops to the prone and fires 2 rounds to the “T” box.  The shooter conducts a reload and runs to the 15 yard line and shoots 3 rounds to the center circle.  The shooter then reloads and runs to the 7 yard line and fires 4 rounds to the inverted triangle at the bottom of the target.  The shooter can reload while on the run if allowed.


When we ran this rifle drill we made each miss count as two seconds.  This helps keep guys from blowing off the “T” box shot.

Make it harder

A quick and fast way to make this drill harder is to have the shooter start at the 100 yard line or with 20 burpees.  It makes the “T box” shot a real bear cat.


How Facebook is Destroying Small Business

Over the past few months and years we have seen first hand how Facebook, the necessity of Social Media, has slowly crushed small business in return for profits to share holders and the owner Mark Zuckerburg.

In 2011, when we first opened our doors, Facebook and Instagram were a godsend.  It allowed us to become popular, giving us much needed exposure, in a overly saturated tactical gear market.  I can say, without a doubt, that without Facebook and Instagram my company wouldn’t be here today.  However, today Facebook remains one of the worst things to happen to small business in the 21st century.

When we first got onto Facebook, our posts would be shown to a very larger percentage of our followers, usually 20-30%.  That means of the people who liked our page, 20-30% off them would see our posts! That was huge.  If we put up a product, it sold.  We received thousands of likes and comments on every post and we grew thousands of new followers every week.  This was all done without paying a dime to Facebook.  Then one day Facebook became a monetized platform.  Almost immediately our exposure and customer interaction dramatically dropped.  So I called Facebook.  Back then when you called Facebook you could get a real life person on the phone, who cared, who wanted to see you succeed…  Why?  Because if you succeeded, Facebook succeeded.  When I talked to the kind lady I asked her how I could get more exposure and customer interaction.  The lady responded by telling me that Facebook would show my content to a certain percentage of my followers, so it would be in my best interest to pay Facebook to get new followers to my page.  So I did.  And it worked!  I was soon spending $200-300/day on Facebook to get new followers.  Our following would grow as much as 1500 new followers in one day!  We were back in business.  Soon our posts were getting great interaction and sales came pouring in.

Then one day, Facebook needed more.  Again, our interaction plummeted.  The amount of followers we would get in one day went from 1500 to 10.  Our posts now get shown to less than .01% of our followers.  So back to Facebook I went, asking how I could navigate this new algorithm change.  This time I didn’t get a dedicated person, instead I was sent links on how to create ads for Facebook and I was told that if I wanted to get a personal account manager I would have to pay $10,000/month.  That’s right, in order for me to get someone who would talk to me on the phone I had to pay Facebook $120,000/year.  Now to date we have spend over $200,000 on Facebook for various marketing (this includes marketing on Instagram)….  Let’s think about that for a second.  If I spent $200,000 on any other marketing firm, imagine the support I would get.  I would get someone on 24/7 standby that I could call for anything I might need.  But with Facebook I am a number, a ticket number, an annoyance… I digress.

After the new algorithm change we had to learn Facebook’s complex advertising system.  If properly navigated I had the chance to make a ton of money, if not I would lose out…  Lose out we did.   Again I spent thousands as I tried to learn how to properly manage and navigate Facebook’s new ever changing system, putting up one failed ad after another.  Once I figure out the algorithm it would quickly change.  When we did hit an ad with a good conversion rate (meaning the amount of money it would take to get someone to come to our store and buy something) we would pump money into it.  Facebook would see our success and want more of it, they would slowly squeeze us until the cost per conversion became so high that it was no longer profitable.  Our company’s customer sales began to fall, our Instagram and Facebook accounts no longer grew (we now get 5-10 new followers a day, if we are lucky) and there was nothing we could do about it.

Now I will admit that I made a mistake.  I saw the success of Facebook and Instagram and I put all of our eggs in those two baskets.  Meanwhile I neglected other social media platforms like Twitter, Tumblr, Snapchat and whatever other new cool hip platform is out there.  Why?  Because they didn’t have the success that Facebook showed.  I couldn’t believe that my 30,000 followers on Tumblr could product better traffic that my 200,000 Instagram followers or 347,000 Facebook followers.  So I pressed on with Facebook and Instagram, trying to take better photos (as one of their articles suggested) or spend thousands on “viral” videos (that one of their articles suggested we make), but nothing worked, the damage was done.

Luckily our company has an ace in the hole, our government sales.  Because our industry sells to the US government we are able to maintain growth.  However, most small businesses don’t have the same distribution channels and rely entirely on social media to make a footprint in the business world.  The problem is that Facebook/Instagram are so suppressive, greedy and complex that anyone who can’t navigate their ads matrix risks losing their entire business.  Facebook and Instagram have become such a monopoly that if you don’t have a successful Instagram/Facebook account you will find yourself way behind the sales curve and becoming a successful business is next to impossible.

The reality is that Facebook created necessity then became a publicly traded IPO.  With public IPOs comes investors, with investors comes pressure for big profit and with big profit comes bad business practices.  It began as a social media platform and has since transformed into one of the largest money making ventures in history.

In addition to Facebook, Instagram has taken the same path of entrepreneurial oppression.  Posts that used to get 4,000-5,000 likes now get 500-600.  We have been at 200,000 followers now for almost three months.  For every new follower we gain we somehow lose one.  This is despite being tagged daily by huge accounts and following all of the pro’s “posting rules.” But Facebook and Instagram have once again informed us that we can build our social media following… As long as we pay!  At the recent rate I received one new customer costs about $1.  So if I want to boost my profile up to 210,000 followers I have to pay $10,000.    Once I get those new followers I won’t be able to have them see my content unless… you guessed it, I pay!  But even if I do pay my ad is likely to be declined because our company has something to do with guns and tactical gear.  Even though we don’t sell guns, we still get oppressed and denied marketing because there might be a picture of a gun in our photo.  Meanwhile, Facebook can allow Russia to influence public elections through their advertising but somehow what I am doing is too severe for society.

I recently reached out to Facebook with the subject line “you’re losing a customer.”  In the email I addressed a number of concerns that I list above.  In addition I discussed getting “verified” on Instagram.  A verified profile is when you get a blue checkmark next to your name that shows you are an authentic company.  This important when you have profiles they may try to imitate you, which we do.   Even though I have 200,000 followers Instagram won’t verify my profile, nor will they even allow me to ask to get it verified.  Meanwhile, if some attractive woman with 10,000 followers posts revealing photos she will get a verified account as well as tens of thousands of new followers.  In addition Instagram will push her photo to get thousands of likes and exposure.  Don’t believe me?  Go to your Instagram account and see who’s getting put into your search function, it’s most likely not a company that has paid a lot of money to Instagram, they wouldn’t dare reward them, but instead it’s probably some Instagram superstar or photography account that gets thousands of followers by stealing other people’s photos, posting them and tell them congratulations for being selected.

After reaching out to Facebook, with a full spectrum of concerns, I received the following response:


>>>   Thank you for contacting Facebook Ad Support.  My name is Andrew and I
>>> would be happy to help you.  I do understand XXXXX you were trying to get
>>> verified on Instagram and you were unable to get verified.
>>> Here is a link that I will provide you on how to get verified on
>>> Instagram, here it is as follows:
>>> blogs/posts/how-we-got-verified-on-instagram-with-less-than-400-followers
>>> you can go through this link here.  Any questions you can let us know.
>>> Okay XXXX you take care and have a good day!”

Again, a company that spends hundreds of thousands of dollars writes and says they are unhappy and this is the response they get.  So of all the concerns I address, my response was a link that basically tells me I can’t get a verified account.  They didn’t address all of the other concerns about complex ad systems, no customer support, post and account suppression or anything else.  Instead I got a link.  This very brevity is what causes a small business to struggle to be able to navigate FB’s and Instagram’s complex system.

In short I say shame on Facebook and shame on Instagram.  You willfully take the money of thousands of small business owners, promising the world, then return with crushed marketing budgets and a system that can’t be navigated even by the savviest of marketing managers.  Small business is the backbone of America.  Your business practices are destroying those who put their trust into you and your empty promises.  If you want a successful business you have to maintain a strong social media presence, but if you want to have a strong social media presence you have to spend thousands of dollars.  Anyone who has ever started a small business knows that liquid capital is precious and if incorrectly spent, on say a complex marketing platform, can literally crush your entire business.  There are now thousands of businesses with amazing ideas that could be huge additions to society, providing much needed product and jobs, that will never see the light of day because they can’t get someone from Facebook to help them be successful.

So Facebook, this is for you.  Take the time to support the very men and women who made your company successful, because without small business you and your IPO will crumble.


For more reading be sure to check out the Chive’s recent post

Black Friday 2017 Breaks New Record on Firearm Background Checks at Over 200,000

On Friday, the FBI processed over 203,086 background checks for firearms, breaking a new daily record.   That number surpassed last year’s record of 185,713 and 2015’s record of 185,345.   This number only represents the amount of background checks conducted and not the number of actual firearms sold since many customers bought more than one item.

The uptick in background checks comes amidst news that Attorney General Jeff Sessions ordered a sweeping review of the firearms purchasing system.

Sergeant Major of the Army Dailey’s Top 10 Leadership Tips

No. 1. Yelling doesn’t make you skinny. PT does.

If you’re not out there saluting the flag every morning at 6:30, you can automatically assume your soldiers are not. Soldiers don’t care if you’re in first place. They just want to see you out there. This is a team sport.

PT might not be the most important thing you do that day, but it is the most important thing you do every day in the United States Army. The bottom line is, wars are won between 6:30 and 9.

No. 2. Think about what you’re going to say before you say it. 

I’ve never regretted taking the distinct opportunity to keep my mouth shut.

You’re the sergeant major. People are going to listen to you.

By all means, if you have something important or something informative to add to the discussion, then say it. But don’t just talk so people can hear you. For goodness sake, you’re embarrassing the rest of us. Sit down and listen. Sometimes you might just learn something.

No. 3. If you find yourself having to remind everyone all of the time that you’re the sergeant major and you’re in charge, you’re probably not.

That one’s pretty self-explanatory.

No. 4.You have to work very hard at being more informed and less emotional.

Sergeants major, I’ll put it in simple terms: Nobody likes a dumb loudmouth. They don’t.

Take the time to do the research. Learn how to be brief. Listen to people, and give everyone the time of day. Everyone makes mistakes, even sergeants major, and you will make less of them if you have time to be more informed.

No. 5.If you can’t have fun every day, then you need to go home.

You are the morale officer. You don’t have to be everyone’s friend, but you do have to be positive all the time. The sergeant major is the one everyone looks to when it’s cold, when it’s hot, when it’s raining, or things are just going south. Your job is to keep the unit together. That’s why you’re there. The first place they will look when things go bad is you, and they will watch your reaction.

No. 6. Don’t be the feared leader. It doesn’t work.​

If soldiers run the other way when you show up, that’s absolutely not cool.

Most leaders who yell all the time, they’re in fact hiding behind their inability to effectively lead.

Soldiers and leaders should be seeking you, looking for your guidance, asking you to be their mentors on their Army career track, not posting jokes about you on the ‘Dufflebag blog’. That’s not cool. Funny, but it’s not cool.

No. 7. Don’t do anything — and I mean anything — negative over email.

You have to call them. Go see them in person. Email’s just a tool. It’s not a substitute for leadership. It’s also permanent.

You’ve all heard it. Once you hit ‘send,’ it’s official, and you can never bring it back. Automatically assume that whatever you write on email will be on the cover of the Army Times and all over Facebook by the end of the week. Trust me, I know this personally.

No. 8. It’s OK to be nervous. All of us are. 

This happens to be my favorite. It came from my mother. My mom always used to tell me that if you’re not nervous on the first day of school, then you’re either not telling the truth, you either don’t care, or you’re just plain stupid. [Being nervous] makes you try harder. That’s what makes you care more.

Once that feeling is gone, once you feel like you have everything figured out, it’s time to go home, because the care stops.

Don’t do this alone. You need a battle buddy. You need someone you can call, a mentor you can confide in. Don’t make the same mistakes someone else has made. Those are the dumb mistakes. Don’t do this alone.

No. 9. If your own justification for being an expert in everything you do is your 28 years of military experience, then it’s time to fill out your 4187 [form requesting personnel action] and end your military experience.

 Not everything gets better with age, sergeants major. You have to work at it every day. Remember, you are the walking textbook. You are the information portal. Take the time to keep yourself relevant.

No. 10. Never forget that you’re just a soldier.

That’s all you are. No better than any other, but just one of them.

You may get paid a little more, but when the time comes, your job is to treat them all fair, take care of them as if they were your own children, and expect no more from them of that of which you expect from yourself.

Rifle Drill: The Hammer Drill


The Hammer Drill is intended to be completed on our Human Resources Target. This rifle drill focuses on several different aspects of shooting to include; trigger speed, proper trigger manipulation, recoil management, target identification, and target transitions. This drill can be as easy or difficult as the shooter chooses to make it by increasing the distance to target, changing shooting stances/ shooting platform, adding additional target variations, or throwing a speed reload/ malfunction into the mix mid-drill. Three demanding variations for the Hammer Drill have been added below for intermediate to advanced shooters.

Human Resources  Target

The Human Resources Target was developed at the request of a Special Operations unit and contains five different variations to provide an endless possibility of drills and training applications to include flat-range shooting and CQB/shoot-house training.   Each individual target has a differentiating shape, color, letter, and number combination within their head, chest, and thoracic cavity target zones. These zones are based on the average human height and width of each area. Additionally, we have included two more shapes on either side of the head that also have differentiating color, number, letter, and shape schemes that can be used for scenario-specific training such as hostage rescue or high-value target training



We recommend the shooter stands and faces the target at the 7-15 yard line for the first iteration. The shooter may move further back after this rifle drill is mastered, or if the shooter is training for scenario-specific purposes such as barricade shooting or intermediate to long range shooting. The Shooter should begin the drill from the low ready or ten-gun position. The shooter will need to have a total of at least (9) rounds between the primary and secondary weapon (if applicable).


At the sound of the buzzer, the shooter will face the target and fire a total of (9) rounds at the target as quickly and accurately as possible. The first (3) rounds will be fired at the T-box representing an immediate kill shot to the head. The next (3) rounds will be fired at the circle that’s located center chest that represents vital organs such as the heart and lungs. The remaining (3) rounds will be fired to the upside down triangle representing the pelvic girdle.


This rifle drill should be fired from top to bottom specifically because the shooter will be forced to combat the natural muzzle climb of the weapon between target transitions. The muzzle of your rifle will naturally climb upward after each shot. This makes shooting from the top down substantially more difficult and will force the shooter to focus muzzle control and recoil management. In this drill focus on keeping your muzzle as flat as possible between shots in order to make transitioning to the next lower section of the target more natural and efficient.


Variation 1 Turn this drill into a moving drill.  Begin this drill at the 25-yard line. Fire the first (3) rounds to the T-box from the prone position. Immediately get up and sprint to the  15-yard line and fire the next (3) rounds to the center circle from the standing or kneeling position. Stand and sprint to the 7-yard line and fire the remaining (3) rounds to the pelvic girdle on the move from the 7 to the 3-yard line. Your stopping point will be the 3- yard line or when your final (3) rounds have been fired.

Variation 2  Induce an “unplanned” malfunction or speed reload to your primary weapon by having a partner load an unknown number of rounds or dummy round(s) into your primary magazine. Depending on the shooter’s distance from the target, the shooter will either have to clear the malfunction before continuing the course of fire or transition to his/her secondary weapon to continue the drill.

Variation 3  Have a partner place all five variations of the Human Resources Target online horizontally. The shooter should remain facing up range (away from the targets) until the drill begins so that he/she does not know the target order. After returning to the firing line, the partner will call out three specific shooting zones; one T-box, one chest cavity, and one pelvic girdle (in this order). This can be done in a number of ways. An example of this would be the partner telling the shooter to fire at the White T-box, Green Chest Cavity, and Yellow Pelvic Girdle. Since none of these three zones are on the same target, the shooter will have to identify the correct targets and transition between them to finish the drill.  For maximum difficulty, each shooting zone should be on a different target in order to force the shooter to properly identify each target before completing the rifle drill. Distance to target, adding a malfunction or reload, and shooting on the move can also be added to this variation of the Hammer Drill in order to make it extremely difficult.



The FBI Shooting Qualification (New)

In 2013 the FBI updated their pistol qualification to what they believe is more applicable to what a field agent might face.  One of the biggest changes of the qualification are the distances.  The newest qualification goes from 3-25 meters while the older standard shot at distances out to 50 meters.

The newest qualification is done on the QIT-99 target which is a slight change from the older qualification target.

New qualification target, the QIT-99


  • Course of fire takes 60 rounds
  • The entire FBI qualification is completed on one QIT-99 Target
  • Each round counts as one point
  • Each course of fire is done from the concealed position
  • Any shot within the target area counts
  • Agents must get a score of 48 out of 60
  • Instructors must get a score of 54 out of 60

Course of fire #1: 3 Yard Line (12 rounds total)

  1. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 second using your strong hand only
  2. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds using your strong hand only
  3. Draw and fire 3 rounds using your strong hand only, switch hands, fire 3 rounds using your weak hand only.  Both courses of fire must be completed under 8 seconds

Course of fire #2: 5 Yard Line (12 rounds total)

  1. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
  2. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
  3. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
  4. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds

Course of fire #3: 7 Yard Line (16 rounds total)

  1. Draw and fire 4 rounds in 4 seconds
  2. Draw and fire 4 rounds in 4 seconds
  3. Draw and fire 4 rounds, reload, fire 4 rounds.  The entire drill must be completed within 8 seconds

Course of fire #4: 15 Yard Line (10 rounds total)

  1. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 6 seconds
  2. Draw and fire 3 rounds in 6 seconds
  3. Draw and fire 4 rounds in 8 seconds

Course of fire #5: 25 Yard Line (10 rounds total)

  1. Move to cover, draw, fire 2 rounds standing, move to kneeling, fire 3 rounds.  Complete the course of fire under 15 seconds.
  2. Move to cover, draw, fire 2 rounds standing, move to kneeling, fire 3 rounds.  Complete the course of fire under 15 seconds.