Tag Archives: Military Training

Ways to use your Operator Band

40mm

The Operator Band is the first 550 cord band specifically designed to meet the needs of the Operator working in semi and none permissive environments.  The band’s components were chosen after attending the US Army SERE Level C Course as well as spending years down range.  We have provided a small but not complete list of some of the uses of the Operator Band.

30′ 80lb Test Fishing Line: –       Fishing Line –       Sewing thread –       Lashing –       Snare line –       Net building –       Shoe Laces

FISHING

 

18″ 40lb Test Snare Wire: –       Snare –       Lashing –       Fishing Line –       Fishing Lead –       Fire wire

LEADER

 

P51 Can Opener: –       Can Opener –       Rope Cutter –       Fire Striker

P51

12′ 550 Paracord: –       Lashing –       Rappelling line –       Fishing Line –       Bow String –       Tourniquet –       Belt –       Backpack strap –       Shoe Laces –       Snare Line –       Net –       Bear Bag Line –       Laundry Line –       Candle Wick –       Restraint –       Rifle Sling –       Swiss Seat

PARACHORD

Fishing hook: –       Fishing Hook –       Sewing Needle –       Compass Needle

Small piranha fish caught in Amazonian basin
Small piranha fish caught in Amazonian basin

 

Handcuff Key Buckle: –       Handcuff Key

 

Handcuff_1

Handcuff Key Gif

Flint Fire Starter: –       Fire Starter –       Sinker

FIRE

fire-spark
For more information on the Operator Band visit https://www.refactortactical.com/shop/operator-band/

How To Call For Fire

Every combat troop should know the proper techniques for calling for fire.  However, this is something that often goes untrained and put to the wayside due to time constraints and lack of funding.  We have decided to put together a quick call for fire tutorial that can act as a good bookmark for any service member, NCO or officer to reference when conducting training or refreshing their skills before deployment.  This is just a basic guide on how to call in a fire mission and does not discuss bracketing.  For more information check out FM 6-30.

Call For Fire Format

1. Observer ID/Call Sign

2. WARNO

a. Type of Mission

  1. Fire for Effect
  2. Suppress
  3. Adjust Fire
  4. Immediate Suppression

b. Size of Element to Fire

c-Method of Target Location

  1. Grid-6 digit
  2. Polar-distance from you
  3. shift from a known point

3. Target Location: a-Grid- 6 digit b-Polar- distance and direction to target c-shift from a known point

  1. Lateral Shift- Left/Right Meters
  2. Range Shift- Add/Drop Meters
  3. Vertical Shift- Up/Down Meters

4. Target Description:

5. Method of Engagement:

6. Method of Fire Control:

  • Fire when ready
  • At my command
  • Cannot Observe
  • Time on Target
  • Check Fire
  • Fire Again

The following is an explanation of each line on how to call in the 9 Line: The first Transmission is as follows: 1. Observer ID/Call Sign- “FDC this is Alpha 2 Call for Fire to Follow” 2. WARNO: “Warning Order” a-Type of Mission- “Fire for Effect, suppress, etc.”

How To Call In A 9Line MEDEVAC And MIST Report

  • Fire for Effect- Used after the battery has properly dialed in on the target. Full Battery Fire
  • Suppress- most often used for a pre-designated TRP
  • Adjust Fire- One Round fire
  • Immediate Suppression- Full Battery Fire

b-Size of Element to Fire- Omission indicates a request for one battery c-Method of Target Location- Always use at least a 6 digit MGRS Grid. Example “Method of Target Location is Grid”

  • Grid-6 digit
  • Polar-distance from you- Most common
  • Shift from a known point- If the elevation is over 35 meters give a new elevation

The seconds Transmission is as follows: 3. Target Location:  Example “Target is at location 13S TU 1234365” “Target is two zero degrees at two zero zero meters from my location” “Target is three zero one degrees at three five zero meters from objective tango”

NATO 9 Line MEDEVAC Format

  • Grid-6 digit
  • Polar-distance from you- Most common
  • Shift from a known point- If the elevation is over 35 meters give a new elevation

Lateral Shift- Left/Right in meters Range Shift- Add/drop in meters Vertical Shift- Up/Down in meters, the 3rd transmission is as follows: 4. Target Description: Number, type, personnel Example “Two armored personnel carriers, six personnel” 5. Method of Engagement: Let FDC know if danger close 6. Method of Fire Control:

  • Fire when ready- Fires at FDC’s discretion
  • At my command- FDC fires when told
  • Cannot Observe- Person firing rounds cannot view impact of rounds
  • Time on Target- Fire at a specific time
  • Check Fire- Recheck fire data
  • Fire Again- Fire using same data

RE Factor Tactical 9 Line Bro Card

Once all data has been given using the Call for Fire Check list use the following verbiage: When the shot is fired the FDC will communicate “Shot Over” you will respond with “Shot Out” The FDC will then call out “Splash Out” when round is 3 seconds to impact When impact has occurred you will call “Rounds Complete, over” you will reply with Rounds Complete, Out” After viewing the battle damage observer will send “End of Mission” and give the following BDA “Target Neutralized”- Something may still be alive “Target Destroyed”- Total destruction of target “No effect” “Estimate x number of casualties”

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How to Give a WARNO

Within the planning process of a military operation, there are several key steps that must be accomplished before being able to activate the mission.  The WARNO or Warning Order is one of these key steps that vary in time, detail and method of delivery depending on Mission, Enemy, Terrain, and Weather, Troops and Fire Support, Time and Civilian Considerations (METT-TC).

While some WARNOs are given in a nice heated room from a powerpoint ranger others are given in the field or 5 minutes prior to departure and can even double as an operations order (OPORD) if given correctly.

While WARNOs change, the basic elements of it stay the same.

WARNO Format

(1) Situation

 Enemy Forces

This section is extremely important and should be given in as much detail as time allows.  Give the enemy’s disposition, strength, composition, capabilities and most likely course of action (MLCOA).  This will allow your soldiers to properly equip themselves with any additional weaponry or equipment necessary. 

Friendly Forces

Use this section to briefly describe any friendly forces that may be operating in the AO or with your unit during the operations.  Also, give the mission of the next higher unit and any adjacent units.  This is always important to help reduce fratricide.  Be sure to give any information that may help in identifying adjacent friendly forces while in the field. 

Attachments and Detachments

Give any information pertaining to attached units such as EOD, K-9, Medics, etc.

(2) Mission

This is given in the Who, What, When, Where, Why (5W’s) format and it should be clear to everyone as to what the objective is and how you plan to reach your desired end state.  Always repeat the mission twice. 

(3) Execution

Provide as much information about how the actual mission will take place as possible.  During a WARNO this can be brief or detailed but should give everyone involved a good idea as to how you are going to accomplish the mission.  Remember to give any information that may help them prepare appropriately.  An example would be to tell them you will be conducting INFIL via rotary-wing aircraft and that everyone needs to bring rappel gloves.

(4) Command and Signal

This is essentially the beans and bullets portion.  This gives troops an idea as to how they will get the equipment needed to complete the operation.

(5) Service and support

This gives the command structure during the operation, freqs, call signs and any other pertinent information.  Again when giving the WARNO be sure to give troops the information they need to prepare for the mission.  For example, if you are planning to do satellite communication during your operation you need to tell your RTL to bring the appropriate radio, antennas, and fills. 

*Author’s Note

As mentioned WARNOs differ drastically from unit to unit.  While schools like Ranger School and the Special Forces Qualification Course follow a more rigorous guideline for giving out a WARNO these can be tailored in any way needed as long as it gets across the information needed to prepare for the operation.  Following the WARNO each member of the team should have a clear and concise idea of what they need to do to prepare for the OPORD (Operations Order) and or mission.  

If you conduct a similar mission you should always try and have some type of WARNING ORDER template that you can use to fill in the blanks. This could include things like-Equipment common to all -Mission -Specific equipment -Ammunition required -Routes -Target or HVT (High-Value Target) information -Timeline -Seating plan of vehicle platforms -PIR (Priority Intelligence Requirements) 

*Have something in specific that you do to give a WARNO?   Please let us know in the comments section below.   We are always interested in what others do and your information could certainly help other soldiers prepare for their next mission. 

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