On Friday, the FBI processed over 203,086 background checks for firearms, breaking a new daily record. That number surpassed last year’s record of 185,713 and 2015’s record of 185,345. This number only represents the amount of background checks conducted and not the number of actual firearms sold since many customers bought more than one item.
The uptick in background checks comes amidst news that Attorney General Jeff Sessions ordered a sweeping review of the firearms purchasing system.
If you’re not out there saluting the flag every morning at 6:30, you can automatically assume your soldiers are not. Soldiers don’t care if you’re in first place. They just want to see you out there. This is a team sport.
PT might not be the most important thing you do that day, but it is the most important thing you do every day in the United States Army. The bottom line is, wars are won between 6:30 and 9.
No. 2. Think about what you’re going to say before you say it.
I’ve never regretted taking the distinct opportunity to keep my mouth shut.
You’re the sergeant major. People are going to listen to you.
By all means, if you have something important or something informative to add to the discussion, then say it. But don’t just talk so people can hear you. For goodness sake, you’re embarrassing the rest of us. Sit down and listen. Sometimes you might just learn something.
No. 3. If you find yourself having to remind everyone all of the time that you’re the sergeant major and you’re in charge, you’re probably not.
That one’s pretty self-explanatory.
No. 4.You have to work very hard at being more informed and less emotional.
Sergeants major, I’ll put it in simple terms: Nobody likes a dumb loudmouth. They don’t.
Take the time to do the research. Learn how to be brief. Listen to people, and give everyone the time of day. Everyone makes mistakes, even sergeants major, and you will make less of them if you have time to be more informed.
No. 5.If you can’t have fun every day, then you need to go home.
You are the morale officer. You don’t have to be everyone’s friend, but you do have to be positive all the time. The sergeant major is the one everyone looks to when it’s cold, when it’s hot, when it’s raining, or things are just going south. Your job is to keep the unit together. That’s why you’re there. The first place they will look when things go bad is you, and they will watch your reaction.
No. 6. Don’t be the feared leader. It doesn’t work.
If soldiers run the other way when you show up, that’s absolutely not cool.
Most leaders who yell all the time, they’re in fact hiding behind their inability to effectively lead.
Soldiers and leaders should be seeking you, looking for your guidance, asking you to be their mentors on their Army career track, not posting jokes about you on the ‘Dufflebag blog’. That’s not cool. Funny, but it’s not cool.
No. 7. Don’t do anything — and I mean anything — negative over email.
You have to call them. Go see them in person. Email’s just a tool. It’s not a substitute for leadership. It’s also permanent.
You’ve all heard it. Once you hit ‘send,’ it’s official, and you can never bring it back. Automatically assume that whatever you write on email will be on the cover of the Army Times and all over Facebook by the end of the week. Trust me, I know this personally.
No. 8. It’s OK to be nervous. All of us are.
This happens to be my favorite. It came from my mother. My mom always used to tell me that if you’re not nervous on the first day of school, then you’re either not telling the truth, you either don’t care, or you’re just plain stupid. [Being nervous] makes you try harder. That’s what makes you care more.
Once that feeling is gone, once you feel like you have everything figured out, it’s time to go home, because the care stops.
Don’t do this alone. You need a battle buddy. You need someone you can call, a mentor you can confide in. Don’t make the same mistakes someone else has made. Those are the dumb mistakes. Don’t do this alone.
No. 9. If your own justification for being an expert in everything you do is your 28 years of military experience, then it’s time to fill out your 4187 [form requesting personnel action] and end your military experience.
Not everything gets better with age, sergeants major. You have to work at it every day. Remember, you are the walking textbook. You are the information portal. Take the time to keep yourself relevant.
No. 10. Never forget that you’re just a soldier.
That’s all you are. No better than any other, but just one of them.
You may get paid a little more, but when the time comes, your job is to treat them all fair, take care of them as if they were your own children, and expect no more from them of that of which you expect from yourself.
The Hammer Drill is intended to be completed on our Human Resources Target. This rifle drill focuses on several different aspects of shooting to include; trigger speed, proper trigger manipulation, recoil management, target identification, and target transitions. This drill can be as easy or difficult as the shooter chooses to make it by increasing the distance to target, changing shooting stances/ shooting platform, adding additional target variations, or throwing a speed reload/ malfunction into the mix mid-drill. Three demanding variations for the Hammer Drill have been added below for intermediate to advanced shooters.
Human Resources Target
The Human Resources Target was developed at the request of a Special Operations unit and contains five different variations to provide an endless possibility of drills and training applications to include flat-range shooting and CQB/shoot-house training. Each individual target has a differentiating shape, color, letter, and number combination within their head, chest, and thoracic cavity target zones. These zones are based on the average human height and width of each area. Additionally, we have included two more shapes on either side of the head that also have differentiating color, number, letter, and shape schemes that can be used for scenario-specific training such as hostage rescue or high-value target training
We recommend the shooter stands and faces the target at the 7-15 yard line for the first iteration. The shooter may move further back after this rifle drill is mastered, or if the shooter is training for scenario-specific purposes such as barricade shooting or intermediate to long range shooting. The Shooter should begin the drill from the low ready or ten-gun position. The shooter will need to have a total of at least (9) rounds between the primary and secondary weapon (if applicable).
At the sound of the buzzer, the shooter will face the target and fire a total of (9) rounds at the target as quickly and accurately as possible. The first (3) rounds will be fired at the T-box representing an immediate kill shot to the head. The next (3) rounds will be fired at the circle that’s located center chest that represents vital organs such as the heart and lungs. The remaining (3) rounds will be fired to the upside down triangle representing the pelvic girdle.
This rifle drill should be fired from top to bottom specifically because the shooter will be forced to combat the natural muzzle climb of the weapon between target transitions. The muzzle of your rifle will naturally climb upward after each shot. This makes shooting from the top down substantially more difficult and will force the shooter to focus muzzle control and recoil management. In this drill focus on keeping your muzzle as flat as possible between shots in order to make transitioning to the next lower section of the target more natural and efficient.
Variation 1 Turn this drill into a moving drill. Begin this drill at the 25-yard line. Fire the first (3) rounds to the T-box from the prone position. Immediately get up and sprint to the 15-yard line and fire the next (3) rounds to the center circle from the standing or kneeling position. Stand and sprint to the 7-yard line and fire the remaining (3) rounds to the pelvic girdle on the move from the 7 to the 3-yard line. Your stopping point will be the 3- yard line or when your final (3) rounds have been fired.
Variation 2 Induce an “unplanned” malfunction or speed reload to your primary weapon by having a partner load an unknown number of rounds or dummy round(s) into your primary magazine. Depending on the shooter’s distance from the target, the shooter will either have to clear the malfunction before continuing the course of fire or transition to his/her secondary weapon to continue the drill.
Variation 3 Have a partner place all five variations of the Human Resources Target online horizontally. The shooter should remain facing up range (away from the targets) until the drill begins so that he/she does not know the target order. After returning to the firing line, the partner will call out three specific shooting zones; one T-box, one chest cavity, and one pelvic girdle (in this order). This can be done in a number of ways. An example of this would be the partner telling the shooter to fire at the White T-box, Green Chest Cavity, and Yellow Pelvic Girdle. Since none of these three zones are on the same target, the shooter will have to identify the correct targets and transition between them to finish the drill. For maximum difficulty, each shooting zone should be on a different target in order to force the shooter to properly identify each target before completing the rifle drill. Distance to target, adding a malfunction or reload, and shooting on the move can also be added to this variation of the Hammer Drill in order to make it extremely difficult.
In 2013 the FBI updated their pistol qualification to what they believe is more applicable to what a field agent might face. One of the biggest changes of the qualification are the distances. The newest qualification goes from 3-25 meters while the older standard shot at distances out to 50 meters. Below are both the old and new qualifications.
FBI Shooting Qualification (New)
The newest qualification is done on the QIT-99 target which is a slight change from the older qualification target.
FBI Qualification Course of Fire
Course of fire takes 60 rounds
The entire FBI qualification is completed on one QIT-99 Target
Each round counts as one point
Each course of fire is done from the concealed position
Any shot within the target area counts
Agents must get a score of 48 out of 60
Instructors must get a score of 54 out of 60
Course of fire #1: 3 Yard Line (12 rounds total)
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 second using your strong hand only
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds using your strong hand only
Draw and fire 3 rounds using your strong hand only, switch hands, fire 3 rounds using your weak hand only. Both courses of fire must be completed under 8 seconds
Course of fire #2: 5 Yard Line (12 rounds total)
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 3 seconds
Course of fire #3: 7 Yard Line (16 rounds total)
Draw and fire 4 rounds in 4 seconds
Draw and fire 4 rounds in 4 seconds
Draw and fire 4 rounds, reload, fire 4 rounds. The entire drill must be completed within 8 seconds
Course of fire #4: 15 Yard Line (10 rounds total)
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 6 seconds
Draw and fire 3 rounds in 6 seconds
Draw and fire 4 rounds in 8 seconds
Course of fire #5: 25 Yard Line (10 rounds total)
Move to cover, draw, fire 2 rounds standing, move to kneeling, fire 3 rounds. Complete the course of fire under 15 seconds.
Move to cover, draw, fire 2 rounds standing, move to kneeling, fire 3 rounds. Complete the course of fire under 15 seconds.
FBI Shooting Qualification (Old)
“Old” FBI Pistol Qualification Course
Target: FBI “Q”
Scoring: Hits in or touching “bottle” count 2 points; misses and hits outside bottle count zero points. 50 rounds service ammunition.
Qualification: 85% to qualify; 90% for instructors
Course of Fire 1- 25 yard line (18 rounds total)
Time Allotted: 75 seconds
CoF: Start with a fully loaded weapon. On command, shooter draws and fires 6 rounds prone position, decocks, fires 3 rounds strong side kneeling barricade position, 6 rounds strong side standing barricade position, and 3 rounds weak side kneeling barricade position. Upon completing stage I, the shooter will conduct a magazine exchange and holster a loaded weapon.
Course of Fire 2 – 25 yard line (10 rounds total)
Time Allotted: 2 rounds in 6 seconds, 4 sets of 2 rounds, 3 seconds each
CoF: Start at the 25 yard line. On command, the shooter moves to the 15 yard line, draws and fires 2 rounds in 6 seconds, decocks, and returns to low ready. The shooter will fire 4 strings of 2 rounds in 3 seconds, decock and return to low ready after each string. Upon completing Stage II, the shooter holsters a loaded weapon [without reloading unless gun capacity is only 10 rds ]
Course of Fire 3- 15 yard line (12 rounds total)
Starting Point: 15 yard line
CoF: Start at the 15 yard line. On command, the shooter moves to the 7 yard line, draws and fires 12 rounds in 15 seconds, to include a reload. Upon completing stage III, the shooter holsters a loaded weapon. Shooter then arranges remaining 10 rounds to have 5 rounds in the weapon and 5 rounds in a spare magazine.
Course of Fire 4- 7 yard line (10 rounds total)
Starting Point: 7 yard line
CoF: Start at the 7 yard line. On command the shooter moves to the 5 yard line, draws and fires 5 rounds with strong hand only, reloads, transfers the weapon to weak hand and fires 5 rounds weak hand only. Upon completing stage IV, the shooter will unload and holster an empty weapon.
FBI Qualification Targets
The two primary targets used for the FBI Pistol Shooting Qualification are the QIT-99 (new) and the FBI-Q (old)
FBI Qualification Target QIT-99
The newest FBI Qualification Pistol Test uses the new QIT-99 Target.
FBI Qualification Target FBI-Q
The previous FBI Qualification uses the FBI-Q Target.
As terrorist attacks continue around the globe, more and more focus is put on stopping the attack before it happens, not just in apprehending the radicalized individual, but in stopping the radicalization before it takes place. A large part of that is mapping the radicalization cycle and identifying those at risk. Then, the correct intervention tactics must be applied to stop the cycle.
But how do you map the cycle and identify those at risk? Well, a new, as yet unpublished study funded by the Department of Justice and titled with the thrilling name of Across the Universe? A Comparative Analysis of Violent Behavior and Radicalization Across Three Offender Types with Implications for Criminal Justice Training and Education hopes to shed some light. If you actually made it past the title, I’m going to attempt to condense 117 pages into a significantly smaller summary. First, as you can see, they actually look at both mass murderers and “lone actor terrorists.” The primary difference, they note, is motivation. Lone actor terrorists are typically motivated by an ideology, whereas mass murderers (here defined as people who murder 4 or more individuals in one place and event) are typically motivated by a personal wrong or grievance. Second, the study encompassed 71 lone actor terrorists and 115 solo mass murderers. Third, “socio-demographic data” reveals very little difference between the two study sets, “(h)owever, their behaviors significantly differ with regards to (a) the degree to which they interact with co-conspirators (b) their antecedent event behaviors and (c) the degree to which they leak information prior to the attack” (Page 4). Fourth, the mass murders in the study do not follow the same path to violence as the lone actor terrorists.
The authors are quick to point out that this study is just one study, and isn’t complete, as it doesn’t actually get around to recommendations for how to intervene, but it still provides some useful information. The first tidbit, stated on page 12, is that “(a) review of the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports from 2000 to 2012 shows that the number of mass murders (four or more victims) was approximately one-tenth of one percent of all murders (excluding the 9/11 deaths).” While not necessarily germane to the terrorism issue, it does shed some light on the over-representation of sensational mass murders in the media versus “real life.”
So back to the lone actor terrorists, since that is the topic of note. Three very important conclusions from their study, and I’ll quote directly, are:
“In terms of group-related activities, the results indicate that lone actor terrorists were significantly more likely to try to recruit others, interact face-to-face with members of a wider network, virtually interact with members of a wider network, produce letters and/or public statements prior to the attack and recently join a wider movement.”
“In terms of antecedent attack behaviors, lone actor terrorists were significantly more likely to have university experience, military experience, combat experience, criminal convictions, experience a tipping point in their pathway to violent extremism, change address prior to their attack, live alone, be socially isolated, engage in dry runs, demonstrate that their anger is escalating and possess a stockpile of weapons.”
“In terms of leakage related behaviors, lone actor terrorists were significantly more likely to verbalize intent to commit violence to friends/family/wider audiences, have others aware of their grievance, express a desire to hurt others, have others involved in procuring weaponry and have others aware of their attack planning.” (Pages 17-18)
In other words, there are a lot more chances to catch a lone actor terrorist, because while socially isolated, they will typically both seek out (possibly) known actors for fellowship and guidance and actually verbalize to people what they intend to do, at least in a macro sense. While they may not lay out specifics of an attack, they will give indications – however vague – that they intend to carry out an attack. Of the terrorists studied: in 80% of the cases, other people knew about their grievance; in 77% other were aware of their ideology; in 59% verbal statements were made about intent or belief; in 37% at least one other person knew of attack research and planning; and in up to 68% of cases, they interacted either face to face or virtually with a network. Lone actors are also less likely than mass murderers to be familiar with their planned place of attack since they are not motivated by personal grievance, therefore they need more opportunity to conduct surveillance and dry runs (Pages 27-28). Any step into the outside world is a chance to intervene or apprehend, and federal law enforcement has been doing this quite effectively. This type of behavior is also the foundation of the “If you see something, say something” campaign run by the Department of Homeland Security.
As far as education level, employment, and relationship success, of the 48 terrorists for whom education levels were available, over 60% had some form of degree, whether undergraduate, masters, or doctoral. However, as noted in the report, “the educational success of the lone actor terrorists did not translate into direct success in the job market.” Only 8% of the terrorists were actively employed as a professional in their field. Most (59%) worked service sector jobs or were unemployed. Coinciding with their social isolation, the majority of lone actor terrorists were single, however, as many as 35% were married or divorced (Pages 21-22). When we look at previous criminal activity, “58% had a previous criminal conviction. Of this sub-sample, 59% served time in prison indicating the seriousness and/or prolific nature of their offending.”
If you’re seeing some parallels between this study’s conclusions and the profiles of the Orlando shooter, Nice terrorist, and Bangladesh shooters, you should be. Do all of them fit the full “profile”? No, but they hit multiple risk factors. Now, as the study also notes: “Of course, not all of the instances in which information is received about verbalized intent are viable threats or risks so instead of acting straight away, the logical next step is to engage in a risk assessment and look at the rest of the individual’s behaviors with regard to their situation, capability, motivation and opportunity to act.” So just because someone verbalizes an extremist belief or appears angry and speaks of violence doesn’t mean that they will carry through, but they deserve a serious look. Chapter two of the study closes with the statement: “What we see from the analysis we offer here is that lone actor terrorism and mass murderer attacks are (both) usually the culmination of a complex mix of personal, political and social drivers that crystallize at the same time to drive the individual down the path of violent action. Whether the violence comes to fruition is usually a combination of the availability and vulnerability of suitable targets that suit the heady mix of personal and political grievances and the individual’s capability to engage in an attack from both a psychological and technical capability standpoint. Many individual cases share a mixture of personal life circumstances coupled with an intensification of beliefs that later developed into the idea to engage in violence. What differed was how these influences were sequenced…This is why we should be wary of mono-causal ‘master narratives’ about how this process unfolds. The development of these behaviors is usually far more labyrinthine and dynamic.” (Pages 34-35) This gives us two points to ponder: first, as the study has repeatedly stated, the terrorists are very likely to telegraph their intent, so there is a chance to intercede before action is taken; second, terrorists seek a suitable target and may be discouraged if one is not available. Hardening targets is key – we cannot allow terrorists to strike soft targets with impunity.
So how about the path? I can’t even attempt to condense all of the background information in the study into this article, so I highly recommend you go here and read it, as it provides an entire chapter analyzing the typical steps of some well known historical attacks. To try to keep it within everyone’s attention span, I’ll use the below graphics from the study (Pages 75 & 89). By way of definition, the study differentiates here between a lone actor terrorist (one who plans and carries out the attack alone) and a solo actor terrorist (one who has assisted in planning the attack but carries out the attack alone). As you can see, the primary difference is in the level of guidance and logistical support provided by the group to the actor. The amount of support provided to a solo actor may enable the actor to maintain a lower profile by eliminating some of the direct surveillance and weapons procurement risk, although if the group’s representative is known to law enforcement, it may actually lead investigators to the actor faster than a lone actor, who may appear as just a casual devotee. Also keep in mind that though the script uses guns and IEDs as means, recent events amply demonstrate that neither are required for successfully executing attacks.
In conclusion, I want to leave you with two more quotes from the study:
“The temporal issues also highlight the fact that we need to view risk dynamically. Given a set of circumstances and conditions an individual may appear to be no or low risk. However, small changes in their life-course, personal circumstances or opportunity to offend can have a force-multiplier effect and propel the individual into a higher category of risk.” (Page 112)
“Traditional methods employed against formal terrorist organizations and loosely connected terrorist networks (such as counter-intelligence, HUMINT, interception of communications, surveillance of persons, targeted killing etc.) may not be as readily applicable against the threat of lone actor terrorists. Strategies aimed at countering radicalization in the community may have no reference point in identifying lone at-risk individuals. Deterrence measures also may prove problematic for countering lone actor terrorism. Because prediction and identification are difficult, it might be better to instead guard against future lone actor terrorists by making the actual undertaking of a terrorist attack more difficult. For example, it might be easier and more cost-efficient to deter a budding lone actor terrorist by making it more difficult to acquire the necessary bomb-making materials than by convincing him/her of counter-narratives.” (Page 114)
Essentially, the authors are saying that as of right now, there isn’t enough information to accurately identify, target, and disrupt the cycle or path of an individual on the way to violence with 100% accuracy. There are a lot of threats out there, and the environment is – to use their word – dynamic. In the realm of terrorism, law enforcement has to be right 100% of the time to prevent an attack; the terrorists only need to be right a fraction of that to successfully attack. They don’t need extremely technical means; they don’t even need guns. Intelligence officials in the United States and abroad are warning that as Daesh loses ground in Iraq and Syria, they will resort to more and more small-scale, low-tech attacks globally. The United States is, and has always been, a primary target.
I hope that this article has been interesting and (more importantly) useful. Alert individuals remain a key component in recognizing threats and intervening before an attack. Stay alert, stay safe, and if you see something, say something.
About the author
Joel is a 12 year veteran of the US Coast Guard, where he has served at various units including the International Training Division and Maritime Security Response Team. He has held qualifications including Deployable Team Leader/Instructor, Direct Action Section Team Leader, and Precision Marksman – Observer. He has deployed/instructed on five continents and served in quick reaction force roles for multiple National Special Security Events in the US. He is the owner of Hybrid Defensive Strategies, LLC in Chesapeake, VA, and can be contacted on Facebook and Instagram. Any opinions expressed here are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the US Coast Guard or the US Government.
The ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) Shooting Qualification is required for ICE Agents and one of the more difficult federal qualifications. Below is a simplified version of the qualification.
Firearms: Contract Authorized Handgun
Ammunition: Contract Authorized, 51 rounds (shooters will begin with one 17-round magazine loaded in their firearm and two 17-round magazines in their pouch)
Target: DHS-ICE-QT (25yd) Qualification: A total of 50 rounds shall be fired with a maximum possible score of 250 points. Minimum qualification score is 200 points (80%)
Strong hand only from the holster using the bent elbow position with the support arm/hand placed against the upper centerline of the officer’s chest.
On command the shooter will: Draw and fire one round in two seconds and re-holster. Draw and fire two rounds in two seconds and re-holster. Draw and fire three rounds in two seconds and re-holster
Using two hands from the holster point shoulder shooting, referencing sights
On command the shooter will: Draw and fire three rounds in the chest of the target in three seconds, and re-holster. Draw and fire three rounds in three seconds to the chest, re-holster and perform a magazine exchange with a 17 round magazine. Place the 4 round magazine in your pouch or pocket, to be used later behind the barricade.
Body armor and cover drills: Two-handed shooting using the sights
On command the shooter will: Draw and fire two rounds to the chest of the target and one round to the head of the target in five seconds and assume a high search position. From high search, move to an aimed in position and fire two rounds to the chest of the target and one round to the head of the target in four seconds. Holster. At the end of this stage, the two headshot rounds must be in the five ring head area for each to count as five points. The head area outside the five-ring is worth two points.
On command, the shooter will: Draw and fire three rounds, using both hands, then transfer the weapon to the strong hand only and fire three rounds, in ten seconds. Holster and perform a magazine exchange with a 17 round magazine. Place the 5 round magazine in your pouch. Draw and fire three rounds, using both hands, then transfer the weapon to the support hand only and fire three rounds, in ten seconds. Holster and perform a magazine exchange with a 5 round magazine
Two-handed shooting from the standing and kneeling position
On command the shooter will: Draw and fire six rounds from the standing position in ten seconds. Move to a kneeling position. The slide will lock to the rear after the 6 rounds are fired. Drop the magazine. When the command is given that threat has diminished, shooter performs an emergency reload with an 11 round magazine in five seconds and assumes a ready position. When command to fire is given, fire six additional rounds from the kneeling position in ten seconds. Holster
On command the shooter will: Take one step to the rear and one to the right of the barricade. When the command to fire is given, move to cover, draw and fire two rounds from the right side standing barricade position, move to the right side kneeling barricade and fire an additional two rounds, in twenty seconds. While in a position of cover, perform a magazine exchange with the 4 round magazine and re-holster.
On command the shooter will: Take one step to the rear and one to the left of the barricade. When the threat appears or command to fire is given, move to cover and fire two rounds from the left side standing barricade position, move to the left side kneeling barricade and fire an additional two rounds, in 20 seconds. You will have 1 round left in the chamber.
The 9 of Diamonds Pistol Drill Card is from our Dead Man’s Hand Shooting Deck and is intended to be used in conjunction with our IQ Pistol targets. This pistol drill focuses on several different aspects of shooting to include; draw speed, shot placement, target transitions, and the identification of multiple targets. Any pistol drill in the Dead Man’s Hand Shooting Deck can be made increasingly difficult by having a partner call the drill out with the shooter immediately executing the drill with minimal delay.
We recommend the shooter stands and faces the target at the 7-yard line or closer for the first iteration. The shooter may move further back after this pistol drill is mastered. The Shooter should begin the drill from the holstered position.
Facing the target; at the sound of the buzzer from the holstered position, draw and fire (3) rounds to every white shape with a number inside of it.
Do you have an idea for a target and would like to have it printed? RE Factor Tactical would like to design and print your next target! We have designed several different targets for multiple government agencies, police departments, military units, and shooting ranges. Whether it’s black & white, full color, or splatter targets we can design the perfect target to fit your specific training needs.
We can design and print new targets for your department, unit, range, or personal use expediently. We can design targets for any training purpose to include flat ranges, long distance shooting, or CQB shoot houses.We require a minimum order quantity of 1,000 targets and offer tiered pricing for larger purchases. If you are interested or have any questions regarding the design or printing process, please contact us at email@example.com so we can get your new target designed, printed, and ready for the range!